The University of Maryland Health Center was notified by the Prince George's County Health Department that Hepatitis A was confirmed in two UMD students who reside off-campus. As the County and the State lead the investigation, we're sharing some information about Hepatitis A for your information.
Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable, reportable virus infection of the liver transmitted via the fecal-oral route or by consuming contaminated food or water. Hepatitis A is a self-limited disease that does not result in chronic infection. Most adults with hepatitis A have symptoms, including fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice, that usually resolve within 2 months of infection; most children less than 6 years of age do not have symptoms or have an unrecognized infection. Antibodies produced in response to hepatitis A infection last for life and protect against reinfection. The best way to prevent hepatitis A infection is to get vaccinated.
The University Health Center has reached out to those considered to be at risk to assess vaccination status and the County and State are investigating the source of infection and for additional cases. If further action is recommended, the UHC, County and State Health Departments will communicate this need.